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Redirect a Page in Gatsby

Published February 29, 2020

I’ve written before about how this blog is deployed as a static site using Gatsby. Overall, it’s been a remarkable joy to work with. I get to use React for my architecture, Netlify for deployment, and WordPress to actually write the content. Each of these are well-loved by their users, and rightfully so, but this morning I encountered my first Gatsby headache. Redirecting a page in Gatsby to another page is not as easy as the docs describe (and apparently not well documented in other blogs).


I have two page components: index and blog (plus a 404 page of course), but blog and index are, at the time of this writing, the exact same page.

| 404.js
| blog.js
| index.js

Instead of having duplicate markup and having to support essentially the same file twice, I figured the easiest course of action would just be to redirect /blog to /. Turns out it wasn’t that easy!


Before I get into all the things I tried that didn’t work, let me show you what did work, since that’s probably why you’re here. Inside the page you want to redirect — blog.js in my case — all you need is the following code.

import { useEffect } from 'react';
import { navigate } from 'gatsby';

export default () => {
  useEffect(() => {
  }, []);
  return null;

If you don’t want to redirect to the homepage, just change what you pass into navigate().

Gatsby’s navigate function (documentation here) is a way to programmatically navigate from page to page. It’s works the same way the Link element does, but doesn’t require interaction like a mouse click. React’s useEffect function (documentation here) is described as componentDidMount, componentDidUpdate, and componentWillUnmount combined. Essentially, it lets you perform “effects” inside your React component. They’re a new addition in React 16.8.

#Failed Attempts

There were several other methods I tried to use to solve this problem, each failing one way or the other. If anyone knows what I missed, I’d love to hear from you. You can reach out on Twitter @SirCaseyJames.

#The Gatsby Way

This is the one I’m most confused by. Gatsby has a built in action createRedirect (documentation here). Inside your gatsby-node.js file, you can import createRedirect and pass in a fromPath and a toPath. After doing this and rebuilding my project, not only did it not work, it didn’t even throw me any errors that I might’ve been able to follow up on.

const { createRedirect } = actions;

  fromPath: '/blog',
  toPath: '/',

#The window.location Way

If you don’t mind an infinite loop, this one technically does the job of redirecting from /blog to /. Unfortunately, it never stops redirecting to /. Part of the problem might be window and how it works in the Gatsby ecosystem.

if (typeof window !== 'undefined') window.location.replace('/');

export default function Blog() {
  return null;

#The Reach Router Way

Similar to window.location, this one works partly. It does successfully redirect from /blog to /, but then throws a fatal error. It complains that the page or route is undefined. This might be worth investigating further: Uncaught RedirectRequest { uri: "/" }. Does the Redirect component not like what was passed?

import React from 'react'
import { Redirect } from '@reach/router'

export default function Blog() {
  return <Redirect to="/" />

Anyway, hopefully this helps future developers looking for a similar solution!